Aside

Supercomputers – Clock speed, Cores, Power

Here is a list of the Top 100 supercomputers and their specifications. I found this article some where on the net and posting it here for future reference.

Rank Site System Cores Rmax (TFlop/s) Rpeak (TFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
Sequoia – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom
IBM
1572864 16324.8 20132.7 7890
2 RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS)
Japan
K computer, SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect
Fujitsu
705024 10510.0 11280.4 12660
3 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
Mira – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
786432 8162.4 10066.3 3945
4 Leibniz Rechenzentrum
Germany
SuperMUC – iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.70GHz, Infiniband FDR
IBM
147456 2897.0 3185.1 3423
5 National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin
China
Tianhe-1A – NUDT YH MPP, Xeon X5670 6C 2.93 GHz, NVIDIA 2050
NUDT
186368 2566.0 4701.0 4040
6 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
Jaguar – Cray XK6, Opteron 6274 16C 2.200GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect, NVIDIA 2090
Cray Inc.
298592 1941.0 2627.6 5142
7 CINECA
Italy
Fermi – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
163840 1725.5 2097.2 822
8 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
JUQUEEN – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
131072 1380.4 1677.7 658
9 CEA/TGCC-GENCI
France
Curie thin nodes – Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband QDR
Bull SA
77184 1359.0 1667.2 2251
10 National Supercomputing Centre in Shenzhen (NSCS)
China
Nebulae – Dawning TC3600 Blade System, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2050
Dawning
120640 1271.0 2984.3 2580
11 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
Pleiades – SGI Altix ICE X/8200EX/8400EX, Xeon 54xx 3.0/5570/5670/E5-2670 2.93/2.6/3.06/3.0 Ghz, Infiniband QDR/FDR
SGI
125980 1243.0 1731.8 3987
12 International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC), EU(F4E) – Japan Broader Approach collaboration
Japan
Helios – Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband QDR
Bull SA
70560 1237.0 1524.1 2200
13 Science and Technology Facilities Council – Daresbury Laboratory
United Kingdom
Blue Joule – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
114688 1207.8 1468.0 575
14 GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Japan
TSUBAME 2.0 – HP ProLiant SL390s G7 Xeon 6C X5670, Nvidia GPU, Linux/Windows
NEC/HP
73278 1192.0 2287.6 1399
15 DOE/NNSA/LANL/SNL
United States
Cielo – Cray XE6, Opteron 6136 8C 2.40GHz, Custom
Cray Inc.
142272 1110.0 1365.8 3980
16 DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
Hopper – Cray XE6, Opteron 6172 12C 2.10GHz, Custom
Cray Inc.
153408 1054.0 1288.6 2910
17 Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
Tera-100 – Bull bullx super-node S6010/S6030
Bull SA
138368 1050.0 1254.5 4590
18 Information Technology Center, The University of Tokyo
Japan
Oakleaf-FX – PRIMEHPC FX10, SPARC64 IXfx 16C 1.848GHz, Tofu interconnect
Fujitsu
76800 1043.0 1135.4 1177
19 DOE/NNSA/LANL
United States
Roadrunner – BladeCenter QS22/LS21 Cluster, PowerXCell 8i 3.2 Ghz / Opteron DC 1.8 GHz, Voltaire Infiniband
IBM
122400 1042.0 1375.8 2345
20 University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
DiRAC – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
98304 1035.3 1258.3 493
21 National Institute for Computational Sciences/University of Tennessee
United States
Kraken XT5 – Cray XT5-HE Opteron Six Core 2.6 GHz
Cray Inc.
112800 919.1 1173.0 3090
22 Moscow State University – Research Computing Center
Russia
Lomonosov – T-Platforms T-Blade2/1.1, Xeon X5570/X5670/E5630 2.93/2.53 GHz, Nvidia 2070 GPU, PowerXCell 8i Infiniband QDR
T-Platforms
78660 901.9 1700.2 2800
23 IBM Development Engineering
United States
DARPA Trial Subset – Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom
IBM
39680 886.4 1217.7 2429
24 HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
HERMIT – Cray XE6, Opteron 6276 16C 2.30 GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect
Cray Inc.
113472 831.4 1043.9
25 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
JUGENE – Blue Gene/P Solution
IBM
294912 825.5 1002.7 2268
26 National Supercomputing Center in Jinan
China
Sunway Blue Light – Sunway BlueLight MPP, ShenWei processor SW1600 975.00 MHz, Infiniband QDR
National Research Center of Parallel Computer Engineering & Technology
137200 795.9 1070.2 1074
27 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
Zin – Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge – EP) 8C 2.60GHz, Infiniband QDR
Appro International
46208 773.7 961.1 924
28 National Super Computer Center in Hunan
China
Tianhe-1A Hunan Solution- NUDT YH MPP, Xeon X5670 6C 2.93 GHz, Proprietary, NVIDIA 2050
NUDT
53248 771.7 1342.8 1155
29 CNRS/IDRIS-GENCI
France
BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
65536 690.2 838.9 329
30 EDF R&D
France
Zumbrota – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
65536 690.2 838.9 329
31 Victorian Life Sciences Computation Initiative
Australia
Avoca – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
65536 690.2 838.9 329
32 University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
HECToR – Cray XE6, Opteron 6276 16C 2.30 GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect
Cray Inc.
90112 660.2 829.0
33 NOAA/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
Gaea C2 – Cray XE6, Opteron 6276 16C 2.30GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect
Cray Inc.
77824 565.7 716.0 972
34 ECMWF
United Kingdom
Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.84 GHz, Custom
IBM
24576 549.0 754.2 1504
35 ECMWF
United Kingdom
Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.83GHz, Custom
IBM
24576 549.0 754.2 1504
36 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK
Japan
SAKURA – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
49152 517.6 629.1 247
37 Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences
China
Mole-8.5 – Mole-8.5 Cluster, Xeon X5520 4C 2.27 GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2050
IPE, Nvidia, Tyan
29440 496.5 1012.6 540
38 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
Intrepid – Blue Gene/P Solution
IBM
163840 458.6 557.1 1260
39 Sandia National Laboratories / National Renewable Energy Laboratory
United States
Red Sky – Sun Blade x6275, Xeon X55xx 2.93 Ghz, Infiniband
Oracle
42440 433.5 497.4
40 Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas
United States
Ranger – SunBlade x6420, Opteron QC 2.3 Ghz, Infiniband
Oracle
62976 433.2 579.4 2000
41 Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Japan
HA-PACS – Xtream-X GreenBlade 8204, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090
Appro International
20800 421.6 778.1 407
42 DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
Dawn – Blue Gene/P Solution
IBM
147456 415.7 501.4 1134
43 United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom
IBM
18432 411.7 565.6 1128
44 Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norway
SGI Altix X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR
SGI
22048 396.7 458.6 537
45 Bull
France
Bull Benchmarks SuperComputer II – Bullx B510, Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge – EP) 8C 2.70GHz, Infiniband QDR
Bull SA
20480 360.9 442.4
46 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
Cab – Xtreme-X , Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR
Appro International
20480 347.4 426.0
47 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
Luna – Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR
Appro International
20480 347.4 426.0 448
48 DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
Vulcan – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
32768 345.1 419.4 164
49 IBM – Rochester
United States
BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom
IBM
32768 345.1 419.4 164
50 IBM – Rochester
United States
BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom
IBM
32768 345.1 419.4 164
51 United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.84 GHz, Custom
IBM
15360 343.1 471.4 940
52 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
Pecos – Xtreme-X , Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR
Appro International
19712 336.8 410.0 421
53 Air Force Research Laboratory – ARFL DSRC
United States
Raptor – Cray XE6 8-core 2.4 GHz
Cray Inc.
42712 336.3 410.0
54 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
Chama – Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR
Appro International
19680 332.0 409.3 454
55 Korea Meteorological Administration
Korea, South
Haedam – Cray XE6 12-core 2.1 GHz
Cray Inc.
45120 316.4 379.0 1712
56 Korea Meteorological Administration
Korea, South
Haeon – Cray XE6 12-core 2.1 GHz
Cray Inc.
45120 316.4 379.0 1712
57 Swiss Scientific Computing Center (CSCS)
Switzerland
Monte Rosa – Cray XE6, Opteron 6272 16C 2.10 GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect
Cray Inc.
47840 316.2 401.9 780
58 CSIR Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation
India
Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, Infiniband FDR
Hewlett-Packard
17344 303.9 360.8 387
59 Universitaet Frankfurt
Germany
LOEWE-CSC – Supermicro Cluster, QC Opteron 2.1 GHz, ATI Radeon GPU, Infiniband
Clustervision/Supermicro
16368 299.3 508.5 417
60 Government
United States
Cray XE6 12-core 2.2 GHz
Cray Inc.
45504 295.5 400.4
61 IT Provider (P)
United States
Cluster Platform SL390s G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66GHz, Gigabit Ethernet, NVIDIA 2090
Hewlett-Packard
31680 293.9 1049.5
62 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
Gordon – Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR
Appro International
16160 285.8 336.1 358
63 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
JUROPA – Sun Constellation, NovaScale R422-E2, Intel Xeon X5570, 2.93 GHz, Sun M9/Mellanox QDR Infiniband/Partec Parastation
Bull SA
26304 274.8 308.3 1549
64 KISTI Supercomputing Center
Korea, South
TachyonII – Sun Blade x6048, X6275, IB QDR M9 switch, Sun HPC stack Linux edition
Oracle
26232 274.8 307.4 1275
65 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
Dark Bridge – Xtreme-X , Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR
Appro International
14720 268.1 306.2 316
66 SciNet/University of Toronto/Compute Canada
Canada
GPC – xSeries iDataPlex, Xeon E5540 4C 2.53GHz, Infiniband
IBM
30912 261.6 312.8 1030
67 Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas
United States
Lonestar 4 – Dell PowerEdge M610 Cluster, Xeon 5680 3.3Ghz, Infiniband QDR
Dell
22656 251.8 301.8
68 PETROBRAS
Brazil
Grifo04 – Itautec Cluster, Xeon X5670 6C 2.930GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2050
Itautec
17408 251.5 563.4 366
69 Airbus
France
HP POD – Cluster Platform 3000 BL260c G6, X5675 3.06 GHz, Infiniband
Hewlett-Packard
24192 243.9 296.1
70 Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University (IMR)
Japan
Hitachi SR16000 Model M1, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom
Hitachi
10240 243.9 306.4 556
71 Calcul Canada/Calcul Québec/Université de Sherbrooke
Canada
Rackable C2112-4G3 Cluster, Opteron 12 Core 2.10 GHz, Infiniband QDR
SGI
37728 240.3 316.9
72 Amazon Web Services
United States
Amazon EC2 Cluster Compute Instances – Amazon EC2 Cluster, Xeon 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet
Self-made
17024 240.1 354.1
73 Kyoto University
Japan
Camphor – Cray XE6, Opteron 16C 2.50GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect
Cray Inc.
30080 239.4 300.8
74 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
Moonlight – Xtreme-X , Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090
Appro International
14208 238.2 492.2 227
75 Grand Equipement National de Calcul Intensif – Centre Informatique National de l’Enseignement Suprieur (GENCI-CINES)
France
Jade – SGI Altix ICE 8200EX, Xeon E5472 3.0/X5560 2.8 GHz
SGI
23040 237.8 267.9 1064
76 KTH – Royal Institute of Technology
Sweden
Lindgren – Cray XE6, Opteron 12 Core 2.10 GHz, Custom
Cray Inc.
36384 237.2 305.6
77 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
Mustang – Xtreme-X 1320H-LANL, Opteron 12 Core 2.30 GHz, Infiniband QDR
Appro International
37056 230.6 340.9 540
78 Universitaet Aachen/RWTH
Germany
RWTH Compute Cluster (RCC) – Bullx B500 Cluster, Xeon X56xx 3.06Ghz, QDR Infiniband
Bull SA
25448 219.8 270.5
79 INPE (National Institute for Space Research)
Brazil
Tup – Cray XE6, Opteron 6172 12C 2.10GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect
Cray Inc.
31104 214.2 261.3
80 Super Computer Center in Guangzhou
China
Tianhe-1A Guangzhou Solution – NUDT YH MPP, Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP) 2.93 GHz, Proprietary
NUDT
13312 211.7 335.7 289
81 Universitaet Mainz
Germany
MOGON – Saxonid 6100, Opteron 6272 16C 2.100GHz, Infiniband QDR
Megware
33792 205.0 283.9 432
82 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
Sandia/Cray Red Storm – Cray XT3/XT4
Cray Inc.
38208 204.2 284.0 2506
83 NOAA/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
Gaea – Cray XT6-HE, Opteron 6100 12C 2.1GHz
Cray Inc.
30912 194.4 259.7 610
84 Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)
Japan
BX900 Xeon X5570 2.93GHz , Infiniband QDR
Fujitsu
17072 191.4 200.1 831
85 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
Saudi Arabia
Shaheen – Blue Gene/P Solution
IBM
65536 190.9 222.8 504
86 Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation
India
SAGA – Z24XX/SL390s Cluster, Xeon E5530/E5645 6C 2.40GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090/2070
Hewlett Packard/WIPRO
12532 188.7 394.8
87 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
Germany
iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR
IBM
9904 187.4 206.0 206
88 Purdue University
United States
Carter – Cluster Platform 3000 SL6500, Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge – EP) 8C 2.60GHz, FDR Infiniband
Hewlett-Packard
10368 186.9 215.7 252
89 Cyfronet
Poland
Zeus – Cluster Platform SL390/BL2x220, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2050/2090
Hewlett-Packard
13944 185.3 271.1
90 Environment Canada
Canada
Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.84 GHz, Custom
IBM
8192 185.1 251.4 501
91 Environment Canada
Canada
Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.84 GHz, Custom
IBM
8192 185.1 251.4 462
92 DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
BlueGene/L – eServer Blue Gene Solution
IBM
81920 183.9 229.4
93 Cambridge University
United Kingdom
Darwin – Dell PowerEdge C6220, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR
Dell
9728 183.4 202.3 975
94 Shanghai Supercomputer Center
China
Magic Cube – Dawning 5000A, QC Opteron 1.9 Ghz, Infiniband, Windows HPC 2008
Dawning
30720 180.6 233.5
95 Government
France
Cluster Platform 3000 BL2x220, L54xx 2.5 Ghz, Infiniband
Hewlett-Packard
24704 179.6 247.0
96 University of Oslo
Norway
Abel – MEGWARE MiriQuid, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR
Megware
10080 178.6 209.7 227
97 Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique (CEA)/CCRT
France
airain – Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband QDR
Bull SA
9440 177.5 203.9 260
98 Taiwan National Center for High-performance Computing
Taiwan
ALPS – Acer AR585 F1 Cluster, Opteron 12C 2.2GHz, QDR infiniband
Acer Group
26244 177.1 231.9
99 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
Vesta – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
16384 172.7 209.7 82
100 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
Cetus – BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom
IBM
16384 172.7 209.7 82
ea687cbe6b22cba6b63b77472f9c876d
Link

Android mini computer selling for just $74 | Crave – CNET

Android mini computer selling for just $74 | Crave – CNET: “The MK802 is slightly larger than a thumbdrive and has a microSD card slot to add to its built-in 4GB flash storage. Wi-Fi is also supported.”

(Credit: CNX Software)

Enthusiasts of embedded computing seem to be spoiled for choices nowadays.

A Chinese-made computer that’s slightly larger than a typical thumbdrive can now be purchased online for just $74.

The MK802 is similar to the Cotton Candy computer-on-a-stick. Both are powered by ARM processors and support Android or other ARM-compatible Linux operating systems. It comes with a Mali 400 GPU that enables it to output 1080p video through HDMI.
Despite its small size (it weighs just about 7 ounces), the MK802 has a microSD card slot to add to its built-in 4GB flash

The more expensive $199 Cotton Candy does have better hardware, including a dual-core ARM chip compared with the single-core version on the MK802. The Cotton Candy can also be plugged directly into an HDMI port, while the MK802 requires an HDMI cable.

The low cost of ARM processors coupled with the popularity of Android appear to have led to more embedded computing solutions for hobbyists. The $35 Raspberry Pi is another inexpensive mini computer that seems to be popular among enthusiasts for tasks like programming and video streaming. These devices could also serve as educational tools for children in less developed countries, especially when installed with the right applications.

motorola-atrix-laptop-dock-straight
Gallery

Android into desktop OS!

Motorola is turning Android into a desktop OS with Webtop 3.0
motorola-atrix-laptop-dock-straight
Can Android 4.0 replace a desktop PC? We have already examined that question, and now it appears Motorola believes the answer is yes. Their Droid RAZR is expected to see a software update to Android 4.0 as early as next week, which delivers a totally new Webtop experience.
Previously, Motorola’s Webtop software allowed a phone to plugin into a smart dock that launched a custom Linux desktop that featured Firefox for as the browser. We thought it was an innovative feature when it debuted at CES 2011, but the actual experience turned out to be pretty sluggish and frustrating.
We predicted that the Motorola Atrix 4G and Webtop software were a good indicator ofwhere Android was headed, and now it appears that has come true.
A leaked copy of the Android 4.0 update for the Droid RAZR reveals a new “Webtop 3.0 beta” that does away with the limited Linux desktop and provides users with a full Android 4.0 tablet UI when a device is docked to a larger display.
I’m pretty excited to see that this different-UI-for-different-displays feature is finally coming to Android phones. Hopefully handset makers will enable it over HDMI, MHL, and eventually WiFi Display.
This is similar to the functionality of the new ASUS Padfone, but it’s interesting to see Motorola go this direction after the acquisition by Google.
We now expect that Motorola will include this feature on all their new high-end Android phones. Check out the quick video below to get a sneak peek of what it will look like.
 
flexible-amoled_0
Gallery

Samsung’s flexible displays – Thin and unbreakable! code named ‘Youm’


Samsung has been showing its interest in making flexible displays for quite some time now. When concepts like the future of mobile video and Galaxy Skin started showing up, we saw this as something too amazing to be true. But the Korean manufacturer has proved that such technology is currently very possible, and it is coming very soon.Samsung has just named this technology, and it seems it will go by the name of “Youm.” With a name established and trademark filed in (along with WAMOLED, FAMOLED, PAMOLED, TAMOLED), this product seems to be right on track for its expected 2012 release.

Said displays are not only exciting due to their foldable nature, but they are also said to be thinner, lighter and unbreakable (which can be seen in the video below). This will allow us to make watches, foldable devices, smartphones with interesting shapes and probably even scrolls. (I know I can’t wait to wear my robe and pull out a scroll tablet.)

In summary, Samsung is able to achieve this by removing multiple layers from displays (mostly glass and other solid materials). Youm is made out of four layers: Polariser, Encap, Organic layer and TFT film.
Such technology should be arriving by the end of 2012, if all goes right. But 2013, at the latest, will be the year of fold-able smartphones and tablets. Are you guys as excited as I am? What kind of products would you like to see featuring Youm displays?

If you like the song in the video search for it “Amoled, a-a-a-amoled”
[Via: OLED-Display, Electronista]